As we age, there are problems of pigmentation and discoloration that bother our skin. When we turn 40, with the onset of menopause and hormonal changes affect our skin all the more.
Facial redness and blotches are two problems that become really common. To know why that happens, you need to know the causes behind them, some of which are given below.
Menopause causes red flashing of the skin which is known as hot flashes. When that happens, the woman generally feels warm that pass from top of her head to her chest. Flushing results in red blotchy faces and she also may feel that her heart is racing. She will also sweat more and this condition, i.e. hot flashes, generally lasts for about four minutes. Generally the age at which menopause starts for a woman is 51, but hot flashes start about two or three years before they stop menstruating.
Dry and Flaky Skin
Facial redness may also occur due to dry skin, which becomes common as we age. For women, the onset of menopause results in massive hormonal changes, even in pre-menopause stage, which increase this problem. That is why women in the age group of 40, 50 and 60 suffer from dry and flaky skin. To lessen this appearance, be sure to use a good moisturizer as well as a mild soap.
Another chronic skin condition called rosacea produce facial redness especially in women who are 40 and above. Patients of this problem find deep red patches on their cheeks and nose. It can also be triggered by variety of reasons like hot beverages, spicy food, going out in the sun without proper sun protection, hot weather, as well as alcohol. If you are one of such sufferers who have persistent and active rosacea very frequently, then you need to see a dermatologist to make sure this problem does not permanently damage your skin.
Liver spots or age spots are another cause of the face becoming red. They are actually flat and reddish brown in color, much like the color of your liver! If you had been neglecting proper care while going out in the sun, then you will see them in your hands, arms, face or chest as you age. To make sure that these are not produced further, you need to stay out of sun and think about going for treatments like skin-resurfacing to lighten those spots that you already have.
Telangiectasia, which is also known as broken capillaries, occurs when broken or dilated blood vessels occur on mature skin. As we age, skin loses its elasticity and capillaries lose their strength, and then facial redness shows its ugly presence. You can see them as blotchy lines under eyes, on cheeks, the chin, and also on side of your nose. Various treatments are present to remove them like ozone injections, laser light therapy, medicated creams and toning cryomessage. All of them help to reduce broken blood vessels and hence stop the spreading of redness.
Not all facial redness is harmless; there are skin lesions called actinic keratosis or AKs which are pre-cancerous and are often scaly and blotchy. So if you have these reddish brown lesions in your face, it is time to see your dermatologist for skin cancer tests. Most skin cancers are caused by lifelong exposure to sun; but if AKs are detected in the earliest state, your dermatologist can help you to freeze them or prescribe you medicated creams to take care of them before they become cancerous.
The problem of seborrheic dermatitis appears as greasy-looking blotchy scales and redness. The common areas that are most affected by this facial redness problem are eyelids, eyebrows, and areas around your nose.
On the other hand, the raised red bumps called cherry angiomas that you see on your face are quite harmless and common in women when they hit the middle age.